All crime statistics are reported to FBI’S Uniform Crime Reporting program or UCR by the law enforcement agencies in Ohio. The statistics are reported either by incident bases reporting or by providing a summary of the report.
The summary of report includes statistics of various crimes, which include murder, rape, assault, theft, arson and robbery.
On the other hand the Incident based reporting also known as OIBRS, which is the abbreviation for Ohio Incident based reporting, provides very detailed information of crimes, as compared to the Uniform Crime Reporting program. It also provides information of crimes that were not included in the UCR program. This voluntary program can be used by any law enforcement agency in Ohio to send the statistics of crime to both federal and state government. Due to the quality of information provided by the Incident based reporting, it has replaced the Uniform Crime Reporting program in many parts of Ohio.
The goals of OIBRS do not just include submitting of crime statistics, but it also aims to provide additional benefits for the agencies that work with this program. In terms of additional benefits, it has improved the crime mapping capability and the repository. The improved repository is capable of giving out results for advanced search criteria and can also generate reports that can be effectively used for crime analysis. While these reports do provide significant insight into the crime of a given area, the crime mapping capability can also be effectively used for analyzing criminal activities on any given area. It also provides assistance to agencies for automating their reporting and records process. Training or special assistance is given to software dealers for RMS, who would want to get certified by OIBRS.
Crime has cleary been on the rise in the State of Ohio. As per statistics, as many as five thousand people leave the city of Cincinnati every year, which comes to be around 11 people on a daily basis. According to Charlie Winburn, who is a member of the city council, the number of people leaving the city is mainly due to the high number of homicides. This fact has been confirmed by the crime report released by the Department of Public Safety.
ODPS OR Ohio Department of Public Safety is a branch of FBI. Based on its reports the number of violent crime have seen a sharp increase in three out or four major cities in Ohio. The city of Cleveland has been experiencing the highest increase, especially with robbery which is at 14%. On the other hand, the Rock n Roll city has seen burglary go up by 1.8%, which is the worst among the four major cities in Ohio. As per the crime data coming in from Dayton, aggravated assaults have seen an astonishing increase of 47%. Even though Ohio has seen slight improvements, burglary is a problem for all the four major cities. The city with highest rate of arson is Columbus, which has reported an increase of 20.2%.
50-55% of serious property and violent crimes are committed by individuals who are below the age of twenty five. In the year 2001, seventy five percent of the arrested offenders were male, which is 3 times the percentage of the females. Twenty six percent of those arrested for serious crimes were Juveniles. Just like in the adult’s category, seventy one percent of the juveniles arrested were males.